The book where the secrets of the origin
of the words of world languages are revealed

Students

TO THE STUDENTS

SMILES OF THE GOD

(to the students about morphology. About the project “Code of Word”.

Let’s search Words- inversions)

All theories associated with origin of language have been expressed until mid-19th century. In 1866 Paris Linguistic Society introduced a new clause into its charter. This clause stated that the Society would not accept any works associated with the origin of the language. In 1873 A. Ellis, President of London Philosophical Society, said: “I believe that such ideas (about language genesis) are not philosophical in their nature. We must study what we have…”

 

Discussions about the transformation of clever ape into Homo sapiens in science also stopped long ago: “Well, stuffs happen! What is there to think about?!” (Even Pope Academy does not question this).

The idea of language origin (as well as the origin of human) walked away from science. Something that could not be achieved before was sacrificed to something that could be achieved. Enough of abstractionism – “universe”, “macrocosm”, “Planet Earth”… There is ground under our feet. It can be cultivated with an ard. Cultivate corn of reality and none of “world tree”, “rational grain”! We found this to be true not once – without knowing what “was” means, you cannot find out what “is” is. Without knowing the law of the origin of the word, you cannot learn the truth about the genesis of the language. And religion. And culture.

 

Time milestone (century has ended, the new century has started) gives food for thought. Homo Sapiens formation is associated with birth of cultural (and cult) human activity. There is no other means, apart from logic, and other materials, apart from language material and original letters to get closer to further subject of the thought about Human Beginning.

 

Homo Primus expressed sensual information through a combination of simple syllables which differentiated him from other mammals. It is impossible to reinstate this word-language: this combination was lost in dozens of syllables which could be heard from our brothers in nature. The person does not know who he originated from and believed his ancestor to be the most influential mammal in natural habitat. He learned habits of this animal and tried to master its speech.

 

Artistic gift – ability to imitate – differentiated human from other mammals. Believing in various totems he learnt to mumble, cry, roar, hiss like a snake, and squawk like an eagle. It has been done not for amusement, but to survive in nature. Homo primus developed his speaking ability and made it possible to make the most specific syllables. How much time was spent to form this innate ability on a gene level – centuries? Epochs?

This whole starting period of development of mother tongue could be referred to sound-imitating period.

Logically thinking in order to survive it would be enough to select the strongest “godfather” predator – tiger, lion, or at least – a wolf. It would be enough to imitate the animal eating meat and roar. Brilliant! But would it be necessary to learn to baa? Crow?! How sheep or rooster did deserve their rights to be referred to as ancestors? They neither have any fangs, claws nor can they roar. Something must have caused sacred whisper of respect. The names of these harmless creatures became ethnic names; their symbols were depicted on the coat-of-arms.

 

The answers to these questions bring us closer to understanding of the role of oracles and symbols that were symbols of original beliefs. The figures of these graphemes were associated with natural phenomena, objects and animals which were associated with relevant meaning. The name of the grapheme also becomes forever associated with someone’s name.

The discovery of such mechanism of word formation gave a rise to method of sign simulation which as we believe is more complex than phonetic method. The discussion about the role of graphic symbol in language started in “Az and Ya” book (1975). This discussion continued in “Language of the writing” (1998), this article and Code of Word.

 

These works will have to attract advocates and overcome borders of bias. Chinese thinkers who wrote in vertical columns genuinely believed everything written horizontally (i.e. horizontal line) to be Barbarian ignorance. Vertical “Chinese Grammar” caused a similar attitude in India, Persia and Turkestan. But what academics will be able to tell how the truth should be expressed – “across” or “apeak”?

Dozens of etymological dictionaries have been created in the world. The mystery of the ancient “words genesis” discovered in none of them. This is the only true conclusion which was achieved by this science.

Theoretical linguistics has been going through crises of indisputability for some time. Etymology is a field of language studies where civilized competitions are still possible due to the visibility of the results. In these conditions real images of origin and development of even one word of ancient language will enable to take language to the next stage of development.

Future etymological dictionary “1001 words” makes an attempt to analyze lexical units included in the world words from dialects of the original language of humanity.

In each of existing languages (great and small) lexical units of such type are kept. But in national linguistics these lexical units are not recognized and viewed in isolation within the limits of language family. Competitiveness is based on guesswork which contradicts with various conclusions of national etymologies. Underdevelopment of etymology is a main reason, why uniform and universal theory of common language studies not developed. Etymology (history of the word) will not become an exact science until common mechanisms of original word formation have been developed; until basic etymological dictionary which studies heritage of human original language has not been developed. It can serve as a foundation for national etymological dictionaries.

And this article is an invitation of future researchers to joint work on creation of dictionary “1001 words”.

Why do I address to students (philologists) and not their lecturers? We do this because it is easier to teach, than retrain.  In 19th century linguistic society did not accept works associated with language genesis, now the society does not accept works associated with the origin of the word to have a scientific basis. They do not accept them because they do not understand them.  In USSR dozens of researchers professionally dealt with etymology. In Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Chuvashia, Ukraine… Etymological dictionaries have been introduced there. In CIS countries this work has been stopped. There are only a handful of etymologists in the whole world. It is not because there is a war against them, but because etymology has recommended itself as hopeless. Thousands of scholars, correction – scientific workers, deal with “stupidity of suffixes and flexions”. It does not need to be clarified where these prefixes and postfixes originate from. They are in place, and stating this fact is more than enough for science. In etymological works all said is a main argument of truthfulness. The authors of all such dictionaries starting in the 19th century used the same method which was based on knowledge of limiting system of lexical symbols. The dictionaries are published without any upgrades. The surnames of authors can change, the articles can be minimized or extended, but the meaning and results remain the same.

We will learn tomorrow that oral word of any language in Eurasia is an artifact – source of information about the culture of Stone Age. And that the dictionary of the smallest endangered language can open the history of humanity more than collections of archaeological findings of Egypt, Babylon and China.

 

The oral dictionary is the most reliable archive of historical information which cannot dampen or burn, as paper and parchment, and cannot turn into dust as Sumerian clay books.

You should only discover and open the code of the word.

The method of new etymology is described in the “Code of the Word”.

The phonetic instrument in science is based on the main foundation of common language studies which states that “all words are built based on the law of language phonetics, have sound cover which enable to distinguish them from each other”. [1]

 

I am certain that future textbooks will correct this basic foundation and replace it with a true one – all words were created and developed based on the law of the morphology of the language.

Describing a building the builder will first describe the structure of the object (about morphology), then the functional designation (about semantics) and only then about its exterior – veneer, color coating (about phonetics).

 

New etymology is based on the knowledge of morphological, semantic and phonetic matches.

And also, of course, - grammatical matches, which is, knowledge of systems of graphical signs of the Original Writing System. It is not coincidental that the term “grammar” originated from the Greek word “Gramma” – “letter”: Ancient Greeks knew the role of original letters in the course of creation of word and language.

 

The Code of Word and in the “1001 words” will represent the morphological system; interrelationship of morphological signs with semantic and phonetic signs.

And here, in this article, we will make an attempt to study one of the branches of morphological system and show its productivity.

The most indicative in this respect is a subject of words-inversions (palindromes).

 

Words- inversions (Слова-перевертыши)

Palindromes appeared not due to phonetic reasons. I think that writing system has caused them.

In the course of study of the alphabets (Greek and Latin) in Southern Europe in the 1st century BC the direction of the line changed quite often. The historical studies of letter mean that Ancient Greeks wrote from right to left (as Phoenicians and Arameans whose alphabets they used).

Ancient Greeks (6-5 centuries BC) directed the line strictly from left to right.

The Romans who studied letters at that time also often changed the layout of the line. And therefore if, let us say, in the 7th century BC on border stones of city-states in the south-west of Apennine peninsula was written name ITAL by Greeks, the new colonists who arrived from the shores of Small Asia after getting this land, left the name intact, but read from left to right by mistake: LATI.

 

I believe that the name of city-state appeared the population of which started calling themselves Latins, their language – Latin and writing system which was borrowed from Western Greek origin differentiated itself from the original writing system by only shapes of two-three letters. And the name of this city-state was later described as ATI. Nowadays this is a Latina City in Italy in Latina province (Lecce province).

As such, I suggest an idea that lati is a palindrome from Ital, which in “1001” will develop expanded etymology. Lati has no different origin, apart from the named one, and therefore this word is referred as a palindrome.

Letter palindromes as a rule are a result of incorrect reading, which was caused different direction of the lines. We will call them mechanical (mistaken) palindromes. They will date back to 1st millennium BC.

(Task: find in European languages letter palindromes. Please inform the one you have found. Let’s discuss).

Syllable palindromes (Слоговыепалиндромы)

While I have been working with different dictionaries, I discovered a new type of words-inversions. The order of syllables has been changed in them, but their sense has not been changed. Such words could have appeared during the epoch of syllable letter (4-2nd millennium BC).

Let’s assume that the clay table depicted an animal and its name underneath it which was written in two syllable signs. In one tribe it was read from right to left as va car, in another tribe – from left to right: car va. Two-syllable words appear, then with different morphology, but similar sense which was described by a picture.

A few centuries have passed. In one ethnos the word remains in phonetically unchanged form: vacar – “cow” (Chuv) and in another it is developed in dialects carva, crava, crova, corova – “cow” (Slavic).

I would believe these Chuvash and Slavic similarities to be accidental if they would not be supported by another more expressive example which demonstrates certain system: porto – (por-to) – “axe” (Chuv), topor – (to-por) – “axe” (Slavic).

Syllable (mistaken) palindromes exist in all Eurasian languages which have been tested by syllable letter. Syllable palindromes are a good subject for course works and also diploma work.

As a conclusion of the first visit, we will formulate a task – find in your languages examples of syllable palindromes of the first type, which are similar to those that were discovered in Turkish and Slavic languages. The best of the foundings will be included in Universal Etymological Dictionary “1001 words” with surnames of researchers.

And in further articles we will continue this conversation in order to clarify what appeared first – Chuvash vacar – “cow”, porto – “axe” or Slavic carva and topor.

Definition of ethnic authority does not have the main, but significant meaning in the history of the words. Let’s do it!

To facilitate this search I can give a prompt about some details of study mechanism.

We have defined the time of formation of syllable palindromes approximately – prior to formation of alphabets, i.e., before the end of the 2nd millennium BC. And in which regions of the Ancient World syllable letter were used is known – mainly, these are regions of Ancient Front Asia, Small Asia and Mediterranean.

Some Turkish syllable palindromes we can find in languages of ethnos which did not leave the said regions of the Ancient World and areas and locate in there nowadays. The Turks made a huge way from those places up to the Pacific Ocean and walked up its shore to Mongolia, where they formed Turkish Kaganate that existed for several centuries (5-8 centuries AD). There are still stone monuments with a description of Kagan activity on the shores of the Orkhon River. They use their own complex poetic term ilbasy – head of the state (il – country, bas – head, y – ending of the word, based on the case) apart from the title of Kagan of unknown origin.

If the direction of the line changed in syllable letter, then based on the law of syngarmonism (which can be referred to only Turkish languages) the ending of the word, based on the case would have been after the syllable with soft signs and became softer as a result: bas-il-i. This phonetic reaction can be observed in Greek word basilios – “tsar”. (There are no hushing sounds in Greek, therefore if they came in borrowed words, then they would transform into whistling os – masculine gender, individual addition of Greek; Turkish languages did not distinguish between genders).

 

There is no etymology for a Greek term. We propose the first one. What will this language etude tell researchers?

 

This etude will tell to researchers that Turkish met the Greek in the 2nd millennium BC (or in the 3rd millennium BC). It is more likely in the Mediterranean or in Small Asia. It will also tell that the Turkish state existed then with no democratic system. And, of course, it will tell that the Turkish use the syllable letter which was possibly known to the Greek. The title *basili was passed on to the Greek together with hieroglyph’s symbol for the sun, which symbolized the meaning of the head of the country: bas-il-i. Option: The Greeks saw in the symbol of the sun the image of the sacred snake, similar to cobra. And, I think, it is not accidental that the Greek word basilisk – “snake” appeared from the syllable name of the same sign.

 

Based on the “draft” of this sun symbol the oracles-sun worshippers created from light materials the flying kite and launched it into the sky and sun. They arranged competitions – whose flying kite will be higher.

 

(The French call these “apparatus” interestingly enough – “flying deer”. They have probably constructed them in accordance with the options of the sun symbol. In other cultures there was a contamination of these two options – flying kite turned into a snake with three heads).

 

Syllable (conscious) palindrome (Слоговый (сознательный) палиндром)

 

The word is transformed into syllable inversion consciously in order to change lexical meaning to the contrary.

And in this case original hieroglyph will definitely participate in it.

In “1001 words” the history of sacred sign will be studied in detail which has been reflected in all cultures of the Ancient World, starting from Schumer, Egypt and Babylon.

One of these names from Sun-Hor, which meant in some Indian and European tribe “Son-Hor”: Hor cult (son of Osiris and Isida – Supreme God and Goddess of Ancient Egypt) reflected in the cultures of all nations of the Mediterranean, including Indian and European, and Turkish.

Turkish did not understand the original meaning of the name and transformed it into lexical monolith and gave it the same meaning which they could see in the sign: “the sign shines over the wings”: sun-hor – “light, Nobel bird. Suncar – hawk (Kazakh and others). They transformed the sign and transformed the word: - hor-sun-corsun – the dark bird – corshune (kite) (Turkish).

… The Slavic used this invention. But already without the sign only borrowed words: suncor > *succor > socol.

Here there are more phonetic changes than in Turkish. But elevated respect to this bird has been transferred in full.

As such, we can state that in the event of 180 degree sign transformation the form of the word and its lexical meaning change to the contrary.

In the course of study of this event (artificial syllable palindrome) the following means of conscious transformation of the form of the word can be discovered:

1)    External flexion of negativity;

2)    Internal flexion of negativity;

3)    Transformation of syllables (in this example, when word creators have discovered in the foreign word, neither the root, nor the flexion).

 

II

 

Etymology will become exact science when we find ways to reinstate forms of original hieroglyphs which have announced the new meanings based on the name.

 

I think that the “shining point” (“the sun”, “the star”) in handwriting turned into a cross, but here the name of the syllable was read in some environment in a different direction: *hor-sun. And by guessing this sign the oracle-word creator creates the volume based on the means which has been told by the cross into which the name of the whole sign has been transformed.

 

In cultures that used the Greek letter before-Byzantium period this volume was *horsun. In Byzantium the classical letter u was already read as a letter y (igrek). And the word gets the shape *horsyn. I think that you need to search for the etymology of the name of the basket which received a feminine ending in the Russian culture – korzin(a) (basket).

The Turkish receive (clay) table with the sign, syllable name horsun and maybe even horsyn. They interpret their cross as a sign of doubling and create a new object: - *horsyn. This word was always before the Turkish name of volume objects: korzhin (Kazakh), hurdzhin (Turkish).

 

These words were created based on the ancient rule of word creation: the Name of the letter sign becomes the name of the object (event), externally looking similar to the sign.

In this case the objects created based on the hieroglyph confirm the stages of development of the form of the letter sign.

I refer the substantial example from Ancient Turkish (full of historical information) to the syllable palindrome of the 2nd type (conscious).

In Orkhonsky texts (5-8 centuries AD) the complex poetical term jersub – “motherland”, “native country” (jer – land, sub –water) can often be discovered. In majority of Turkish languages the complex term has not remained and was broken down into components.

 

I came across this word only in Chuvash dictionary: ersub – “motherland”.

 

The combination of terms “land” and “water”, but without common meaning can be met in the History of Herodotus (5th century BC). The Persian Tsar Darius comes with his troop to Northern Black Sea and sends messengers to the heads of the Scythians with a request to appear in front of him with land and water. If he requested to appear with bread and salt, we would have understood that these symbols mean – meaning of hospitality. But land and water – what are these? The ancient Turkish tells that Darius requested local heads to lay their native land, motherland to his feet.

 

Knowing the essence of negative grammar I was trying to find anti-sign for each sign, anti-word for each word. And having tried thousands of such objects discovered unique palindromes in which same as in the stone the printed leaves of fern live on, and whisper in the winds of Paleolith, Neolithic and Bronze Age.

 

Jer sub = “motherland”, “native country”.

 

Sub jer = “foreign land”, “foreign country”.

 

This is how I discovered Schumer hieroglyph: -“foreign country”.

 

And having changed it, I recreated: “motherland”, “native country”.

 

The Turkish have selected the letter-hieroglyph – home – to be the symbol of the motherland. It became the basis for all further transformations which became hieroglyphs with corresponding meaning in Ancient Front Asia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient China and Ancient Scandinavia.

“Home country” – this is how complex term with common meaning “motherland” is translated in German languages.

 

There is a big chapter devoted to this topic in “1001 words” where I will try to explain how the sign of foreign country appeared Between Two Rivers. The ancient Semites who came from the south Arabian Peninsula in the 3rd millennium BC continued to call the Mesopotamia by the name which remained from previous population – Suber, Sumer.

 

-Suber, Sumer.

 

Water over Land.

Those who left their cities – Ur, Uruk, Akkad (Ak kand), their syllable letters and a system of legends – “Saga of Gilgamesh” (All-Knowing Husband) where the Legend about the Flood (when the Water is above the level of the Mountain) is taught. The plot of this legend could have been told to the oracles – word and sign creators by a hieroglyph of the Foreign Country. Between Two Rivers was a foreign country for Turkish.

 

….. New Turkology has started from such palindromes.

I cited one of a dozen of textbooks where this “fundamental position” is expressed. I do not name this as it does not belong to just one person. It is common.