TO THE STUDENTS
SMILES OF THE GOD
(to the students about morphology. About the project
“Code of Word”.
Let’s search Words- inversions)
All theories associated with origin of language have
been expressed until mid-19th century. In 1866 Paris Linguistic
Society introduced a new clause into its charter. This clause stated that the
Society would not accept any works associated with the origin of the language.
In 1873 A. Ellis, President of London Philosophical Society, said: “I believe
that such ideas (about language genesis) are not philosophical in their nature.
We must study what we have…”
Discussions about the transformation of clever ape
into Homo sapiens in science also stopped long ago: “Well, stuffs happen! What
is there to think about?!” (Even Pope Academy does not question this).
The idea of language origin (as well as the origin of
human) walked away from science. Something that could not be achieved before
was sacrificed to something that could be achieved. Enough of abstractionism –
“universe”, “macrocosm”, “Planet Earth”… There is ground under our feet. It can
be cultivated with an ard. Cultivate corn of reality and none of “world tree”,
“rational grain”! We found this to be true not once – without knowing what
“was” means, you cannot find out what “is” is. Without knowing the law of the
origin of the word, you cannot learn the truth about the genesis of the
language. And religion. And culture.
Time milestone (century has ended, the new century has
started) gives food for thought. Homo Sapiens formation is associated with
birth of cultural (and cult) human activity. There is no other means, apart
from logic, and other materials, apart from language material and original
letters to get closer to further subject of the thought about Human Beginning.
Homo Primus expressed sensual information through a
combination of simple syllables which differentiated him from other mammals. It
is impossible to reinstate this word-language: this combination was lost in
dozens of syllables which could be heard from our brothers in nature. The person
does not know who he originated from and believed his ancestor to be the most
influential mammal in natural habitat. He learned habits of this animal and
tried to master its speech.
Artistic gift – ability to imitate – differentiated
human from other mammals. Believing in various totems he learnt to mumble, cry,
roar, hiss like a snake, and squawk like an eagle. It has been done not for
amusement, but to survive in nature. Homo primus developed his speaking ability
and made it possible to make the most specific syllables. How much time was
spent to form this innate ability on a gene level – centuries? Epochs?
This whole starting period of development of mother
tongue could be referred to sound-imitating period.
Logically thinking in order to survive it would be
enough to select the strongest “godfather” predator – tiger, lion, or at least – a wolf. It would
be enough to imitate the animal eating meat and roar. Brilliant! But would it
be necessary to learn to baa? Crow?! How sheep or rooster did deserve their
rights to be referred to as ancestors? They neither have any fangs, claws nor
can they roar. Something must have caused sacred whisper of respect. The names
of these harmless creatures became ethnic names; their symbols were depicted on
The answers to these questions bring us closer to
understanding of the role of oracles and symbols that were symbols of original
beliefs. The figures of these graphemes were associated with natural phenomena,
objects and animals which were associated with relevant meaning. The name of
the grapheme also becomes forever associated with someone’s name.
The discovery of such mechanism of word formation gave
a rise to method of sign simulation which as we believe is more complex than
phonetic method. The discussion about the role of graphic symbol in language
started in “Az and Ya” book (1975). This discussion continued in “Language of
the writing” (1998), this article and Code of Word.
These works will have to attract advocates and
overcome borders of bias. Chinese thinkers who wrote in vertical columns
genuinely believed everything written horizontally (i.e. horizontal line) to be
Barbarian ignorance. Vertical “Chinese Grammar” caused a similar attitude in
India, Persia and Turkestan. But what academics will be able to tell how the
truth should be expressed – “across” or “apeak”?
Dozens of etymological dictionaries have been created
in the world. The mystery of the ancient “words genesis” discovered in none of
them. This is the only true conclusion which was achieved by this science.
Theoretical linguistics has been going through crises
of indisputability for some time. Etymology is a field of language
studies where civilized competitions are still possible due to the visibility
of the results. In these conditions real images of origin and development of
even one word of ancient language will enable to take language to the next
stage of development.
Future etymological dictionary “1001 words” makes an
attempt to analyze lexical units included in the world words from dialects of
the original language of humanity.
In each of existing languages (great and small)
lexical units of such type are kept. But in national linguistics these lexical
units are not recognized and viewed in isolation within the limits of language
family. Competitiveness is based on guesswork which contradicts with various
conclusions of national etymologies. Underdevelopment of etymology is a main
reason, why uniform and universal theory of common language studies not
developed. Etymology (history of the word) will not become an exact science
until common mechanisms of original word formation have been developed; until
basic etymological dictionary which studies heritage of human original language
has not been developed. It can serve as a foundation for national etymological
And this article is an invitation of future
researchers to joint work on creation of dictionary “1001 words”.
Why do I address to students (philologists) and not
their lecturers? We do this because it is easier to teach, than retrain. In 19th century linguistic society
did not accept works associated with language genesis, now the society does not
accept works associated with the origin of the word to have a scientific basis.
They do not accept them because they do not understand them. In USSR dozens of researchers professionally
dealt with etymology. In Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Chuvashia, Ukraine…
Etymological dictionaries have been introduced there. In CIS countries this
work has been stopped. There are only a handful of etymologists in the whole
world. It is not because there is a war against them, but because etymology has
recommended itself as hopeless. Thousands of scholars, correction – scientific
workers, deal with “stupidity of suffixes and flexions”. It does not need to be
clarified where these prefixes and postfixes originate from. They are in place,
and stating this fact is more than enough for science. In etymological works
all said is a main argument of truthfulness. The authors of all such
dictionaries starting in the 19th century used the same method which was based
on knowledge of limiting system of lexical symbols. The dictionaries are
published without any upgrades. The surnames of authors can change, the
articles can be minimized or extended, but the meaning and results remain the
We will learn tomorrow that oral word of any language
in Eurasia is an artifact – source of information about the culture of Stone
Age. And that the dictionary of the smallest endangered language can open the
history of humanity more than collections of archaeological findings of Egypt,
Babylon and China.
The oral dictionary is the most reliable archive of
historical information which cannot dampen or burn, as paper and parchment, and
cannot turn into dust as Sumerian clay books.
You should only discover and open the code of the
The method of new etymology is described in the “Code
of the Word”.
The phonetic instrument in science is based on the
main foundation of common language studies which states that “all words are
built based on the law of language phonetics, have sound cover which enable to
distinguish them from each other”. 
I am certain that future textbooks will correct this
basic foundation and replace it with a true one – all words were created and
developed based on the law of the morphology of the language.
Describing a building the builder will first describe
the structure of the object (about morphology), then the functional designation
(about semantics) and only then about its exterior – veneer, color coating
New etymology is based on the knowledge of
morphological, semantic and phonetic matches.
And also, of course, - grammatical matches, which is,
knowledge of systems of graphical signs of the Original Writing System. It is
not coincidental that the term “grammar”
originated from the Greek word “Gramma”
– “letter”: Ancient Greeks knew the role of original letters in the course of
creation of word and language.
The Code of Word and in the “1001 words” will
represent the morphological system; interrelationship of morphological signs
with semantic and phonetic signs.
And here, in this article, we will make an attempt to
study one of the branches of morphological
system and show its productivity.
The most indicative in this respect is a subject of
Words- inversions (Слова-перевертыши)
Palindromes appeared not due to phonetic reasons. I
think that writing system has caused them.
In the course of study of the alphabets (Greek and
Latin) in Southern Europe in the 1st century BC the direction of the line
changed quite often. The historical studies of letter mean that Ancient Greeks
wrote from right to left (as Phoenicians and Arameans whose alphabets they
Ancient Greeks (6-5 centuries BC) directed the line
strictly from left to right.
The Romans who studied letters at that time also often
changed the layout of the line. And therefore if, let us say, in the 7th
century BC on border stones of city-states in the south-west of Apennine
peninsula was written name ITAL by Greeks, the
new colonists who arrived from the shores of Small Asia after getting this
land, left the name intact, but read from left to right by mistake: LATI.
I believe that the name of city-state appeared the
population of which started calling themselves Latins, their language – Latin
and writing system which was borrowed from Western Greek origin
differentiated itself from the original writing system by only shapes of
two-three letters. And the name of this city-state was later described as ATI. Nowadays
this is a Latina City in Italy in Latina province (Lecce province).
As such, I suggest an idea that lati is a palindrome from Ital,
which in “1001” will develop expanded etymology. Lati has no different origin, apart from the named one, and therefore
this word is referred as a palindrome.
Letter palindromes as a rule are a result of incorrect
reading, which was caused different direction of the lines. We will call them
mechanical (mistaken) palindromes. They will date back to 1st
(Task: find in European languages letter palindromes.
Please inform the one you have found. Let’s discuss).
Syllable palindromes (Слоговыепалиндромы)
While I have been working with different dictionaries,
I discovered a new type of words-inversions. The order of syllables has been
changed in them, but their sense has not been changed. Such words could have
appeared during the epoch of syllable letter (4-2nd millennium BC).
Let’s assume that the clay table depicted an animal
and its name underneath it which was written in two syllable signs. In one
tribe it was read from right to left as va car, in another tribe – from left to
right: car va. Two-syllable words appear, then with different morphology, but
similar sense which was described by a picture.
A few centuries have passed. In one ethnos the word
remains in phonetically unchanged form: vacar
– “cow” (Chuv) and in another it is developed in dialects carva, crava, crova, corova – “cow” (Slavic).
I would believe these Chuvash and Slavic similarities
to be accidental if they would not be supported by another more expressive
example which demonstrates certain system: porto
– (por-to) – “axe” (Chuv), topor – (to-por) – “axe” (Slavic).
Syllable (mistaken) palindromes exist in all Eurasian
languages which have been tested by syllable letter. Syllable palindromes are a
good subject for course works and also diploma work.
As a conclusion of the first visit, we will formulate
a task – find in your languages examples of syllable palindromes of the first
type, which are similar to those that were discovered in Turkish and Slavic
languages. The best of the foundings will be included in Universal Etymological
Dictionary “1001 words” with surnames of researchers.
And in further articles we will continue this
conversation in order to clarify what appeared first – Chuvash vacar – “cow”, porto – “axe” or Slavic carva
Definition of ethnic authority does not have the main,
but significant meaning in the history of the words. Let’s do it!
To facilitate this search I can give a prompt about some details of study mechanism.
We have defined the time of formation of syllable
palindromes approximately – prior to formation of alphabets, i.e., before the
end of the 2nd millennium BC. And in which regions of the Ancient World
syllable letter were used is known – mainly, these are regions of Ancient Front
Asia, Small Asia and Mediterranean.
Some Turkish syllable palindromes we can find in languages
of ethnos which did not leave the said regions of the Ancient World and areas
and locate in there nowadays. The Turks made a huge way from those places up to
the Pacific Ocean and walked up its shore to Mongolia, where they formed
Turkish Kaganate that existed for several centuries (5-8 centuries AD). There
are still stone monuments with a description of Kagan activity on the shores of
the Orkhon River. They use their own complex poetic term ilbasy – head of the state (il
– country, bas – head, y – ending of the word, based on the
case) apart from the title of Kagan of unknown origin.
If the direction of the line changed in syllable
letter, then based on the law of syngarmonism (which can be referred to only
Turkish languages) the ending of the word, based on the case would have been
after the syllable with soft signs and became softer as a result: bas-il-i. This phonetic reaction can be
observed in Greek word basilios –
“tsar”. (There are no hushing sounds in Greek, therefore if they came in borrowed
words, then they would transform into whistling os – masculine gender, individual addition of Greek; Turkish
languages did not distinguish between genders).
There is no etymology for a Greek term. We propose the
first one. What will this language etude tell researchers?
This etude will tell to researchers that Turkish met
the Greek in the 2nd millennium BC (or in the 3rd millennium BC). It is more
likely in the Mediterranean or in Small Asia. It will also tell that the
Turkish state existed then with no democratic system. And, of course, it will
tell that the Turkish use the syllable letter which was possibly known to the
Greek. The title *basili was passed
on to the Greek together with hieroglyph’s symbol for the sun, which symbolized
the meaning of the head of the country: bas-il-i.
Option: The Greeks saw in the symbol of the sun the image of the sacred snake,
similar to cobra. And, I think, it is not accidental that the Greek word basilisk – “snake” appeared from the
syllable name of the same sign.
Based on the “draft” of this sun symbol the
oracles-sun worshippers created from light materials the flying kite and
launched it into the sky and sun. They arranged competitions – whose flying
kite will be higher.
(The French call these “apparatus” interestingly
enough – “flying deer”. They have probably constructed them in accordance with
the options of the sun symbol. In other cultures there was a contamination of
these two options – flying kite turned into a snake with three heads).
Syllable (conscious) palindrome (Слоговый (сознательный) палиндром)
The word is transformed into syllable inversion consciously in order to
change lexical meaning to the contrary.
And in this case original hieroglyph will definitely
participate in it.
In “1001 words” the history of sacred sign will be
studied in detail which has been reflected in all cultures of the Ancient
World, starting from Schumer, Egypt and Babylon.
One of these names from Sun-Hor, which meant in some
Indian and European tribe “Son-Hor”: Hor cult (son of Osiris and Isida –
Supreme God and Goddess of Ancient Egypt) reflected in the cultures of all
nations of the Mediterranean, including Indian and European, and Turkish.
Turkish did not understand the original meaning of the
name and transformed it into lexical monolith and gave it the same meaning
which they could see in the sign: “the sign shines over the wings”: sun-hor – “light, Nobel bird. Suncar – hawk (Kazakh and others). They
transformed the sign and transformed the word: - hor-sun-corsun – the dark bird – corshune (kite) (Turkish).
… The Slavic used this invention. But already without
the sign only borrowed words: suncor
> *succor > socol.
Here there are more phonetic changes than in Turkish.
But elevated respect to this bird has been transferred in full.
As such, we can state that in the event of 180 degree
sign transformation the form of the word and its lexical meaning change to the
In the course of study of this event (artificial
syllable palindrome) the following means of conscious transformation of the
form of the word can be discovered:
flexion of negativity;
flexion of negativity;
of syllables (in this example, when word creators have discovered in the
foreign word, neither the root, nor the flexion).
Etymology will become exact science when
we find ways to reinstate forms of original hieroglyphs which have announced
the new meanings based on the name.
I think that the “shining point” (“the
sun”, “the star”) in handwriting turned into a cross, but here the name of the
syllable was read in some environment in a different direction: *hor-sun. And by guessing this sign the
oracle-word creator creates the volume based on the means which has been told
by the cross into which the name of the whole sign has been transformed.
In cultures that used the Greek letter
before-Byzantium period this volume was *horsun.
In Byzantium the classical letter u
was already read as a letter y
(igrek). And the word gets the shape *horsyn.
I think that you need to search for the etymology of the name of the basket
which received a feminine ending in the Russian culture – korzin(a) (basket).
The Turkish receive (clay) table with the
sign, syllable name horsun and maybe
even horsyn. They interpret their
cross as a sign of doubling and create a new object: - *horsyn. This word was always before the Turkish name of volume
objects: korzhin (Kazakh), hurdzhin (Turkish).
These words were created based on the
ancient rule of word creation: the Name
of the letter sign becomes the name of the object (event), externally looking
similar to the sign.
In this case the objects created based on
the hieroglyph confirm the stages of development of the form of the letter
I refer the substantial example from
Ancient Turkish (full of historical information) to the syllable palindrome of
the 2nd type (conscious).
In Orkhonsky texts (5-8 centuries AD) the
complex poetical term jersub –
“motherland”, “native country” (jer
– land, sub –water) can often be
discovered. In majority of Turkish languages the complex term has not remained
and was broken down into components.
I came across this word only in Chuvash
dictionary: ersub – “motherland”.
The combination of terms “land” and
“water”, but without common meaning can be met in the History of Herodotus (5th
century BC). The Persian Tsar Darius comes with his troop to Northern Black Sea
and sends messengers to the heads of the Scythians with a request to appear in
front of him with land and water. If he requested to appear with bread and
salt, we would have understood that these symbols mean – meaning of
hospitality. But land and water – what are these? The ancient Turkish tells
that Darius requested local heads to lay their native land, motherland to his
Knowing the essence of negative grammar I
was trying to find anti-sign for each sign, anti-word for each word. And having
tried thousands of such objects discovered unique palindromes in which same as
in the stone the printed leaves of fern live on, and whisper in the winds of
Paleolith, Neolithic and Bronze Age.
Jer sub = “motherland”, “native country”.
Sub jer = “foreign land”, “foreign country”.
This is how I discovered Schumer
hieroglyph: -“foreign country”.
And having changed it, I recreated:
“motherland”, “native country”.
The Turkish have selected the
letter-hieroglyph – home – to be the symbol of the motherland. It became the
basis for all further transformations which became hieroglyphs with
corresponding meaning in Ancient Front Asia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient China and
“Home country” – this is how complex term
with common meaning “motherland” is translated in German languages.
There is a big chapter devoted to this
topic in “1001 words” where I will try to explain how the sign of foreign
country appeared Between Two Rivers. The ancient Semites who came from the
south Arabian Peninsula in the 3rd millennium BC continued to call the
Mesopotamia by the name which remained from previous population – Suber, Sumer.
Water over Land.
Those who left their cities – Ur, Uruk,
Akkad (Ak kand), their syllable letters and a system of legends – “Saga of
Gilgamesh” (All-Knowing Husband) where the Legend about the Flood (when the
Water is above the level of the Mountain) is taught. The plot of this legend
could have been told to the oracles – word and sign creators by a hieroglyph of
the Foreign Country. Between Two Rivers was a foreign country for Turkish.
….. New Turkology has started from such
I cited one of a dozen of textbooks where
this “fundamental position” is expressed. I do not name this as it does not
belong to just one person. It is common.